Knitting Pattern Abbreviations

AbbreviationDescription
altalternate
approxapproximately
begbeginning
betbetween
BObind off
CCcontrasting color
cncable needle
COcast on
contcontinue
decdecrease
dpndouble-pointed needles
follfollow
incincrease
kknit
kfbknit 1 into front and back of a stitch; single knit increase
k2togknit 2 stitches together; single right-leaning decrease
kwiseknitwise
LHleft hand
mmarker
M1 or M1Kmake one stitch knitwise; single knit increase
M1Rmake one right; single right-leaning knit increase
M1Lmake one left; single left-leaning knit increase
M1pmake one purlwise; single purl increase
MCmain color
ppurl
pat or pattpattern
pfbpurl 1 into front and back of a stitch; single purl increase
pmplace marker
p2togpurl 2 stitches together; single decrease
prevprevious
pssopass slipped stitch over
pwisepurlwise
remremaining
reprepeat
RHright hand
rndround
RSright side
SKPslip 1 knitwise, knit 1, pass slip stitch over knit stitch; single left-leaning decrease
SK2Pslip 1 knitwise, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over knit 2 together; double left-leaning decrease
slslip
sl1kslip 1 knitwise
sl1pslip 1 purlwise
sl stslip stitch
smslip marker
sskslip 2 stitches knitwise, knit these 2 stitches together through back loops; single left-leaning decrease
sspslip 2 stitches knitwise, return these 2 stitches to left needle and purl them together through back loops; single left-leaning decrease
ssskslip 3 stitches knitwise, knit these 3 stitches together through back loops; double left-leaning decrease
ssspslip 3 stitches knitwise, return these 3 stitches to left needle and purl these 3 stitches together through back loops; double left-leaning decrease
ststitch
St ststockinette stitch
tblthrough back loop
togtogether
WSwrong side
w&twrap and turn
wyibwith yarn in back
wyifwith yarn in front
yoyarn over